Potain Cranes with Internal Climbing Setup Help Fast Track 43-Floor High Rise
May 31, 2022 - Over the past year, the rapidly rising, 43-story One Congress office tower has become a distinct new landmark in Boston’s North End.
Going largely unnoticed as the building climbed skyward were the Potain MR 415 and MR 418 A tower cranes that quietly rose inside the building as they helped construct it.
Part of the western parcel of the 4.8-acre Bulfinch Crossing mixed-use development, a stone’s throw from Boston City Hall, the imposing new building tops out at about 565’ and offers spectacular views of the city and harbor.
The innovative approach to its construction came from the owner’s desire to begin leasing space in the tower as quickly as possible, said Cori Amadon, vice president at James F. Stearns, the leading crane provider for the project.
“We were approached by John Moriarty Associates, the main contractor, to devise a plan that would allow them to start leasing floors six through 25 before the rest of the structure was complete,” he said. “That meant we had to rethink the original plan of tying in tower cranes to the building’s outside perimeter and come up with an interior climbing program instead.”
The solution was to make full use of the building’s slip-formed concrete core, which grows faster throughout construction than the surrounding floors. Once structural work is complete, the building core will be home to the elevator shafts.
“When we started looking at this project, we thought, ‘Ok, we’ll climb the cranes up through the concrete core,’ but the concrete company was initially opposed because they worried it might subtract a lot of their workspace,” Amadon said. “Typically, when developing internal forming systems, the concrete contractors design a platform system that covers the entire core and is used for assembling rebar, shaking rebar out, etc., so they can hoist material from the ground and land it on their workspace. They asked us to find a way to put the tower cranes on the outside of the core instead.”
The mutually agreed solution centered on the two Potain luffing-jib tower cranes, which James F. Stearns rented from Maxim Crane Works. James F. Stearns has a long-standing relationship with Maxim on crane rentals for major projects across the northeastern United States.
The interchangeability of the Potain cranes’ bases with those of their sister ranges, the MD and MDT models, increased the number of installation options for internal and external climbing configurations. Also, their uniquely mounted luffing mechanisms and hoists saved space, enabling operation in this confined space.
Demolition of an adjoining car park exposed a row of four connected concrete core cells that provided fully enclosed support for the climbing mechanism for the Potain MR 415. The MR 418 A was then added to the outside of the westernmost cell, where it, too, would soon be largely obscured from view by the steel frame of the tower being built around it.
In collaboration with engineering firm Howard I. Shapiro & Associates, plans were drawn up for each stage of the MR 415’s upward journey.
For Phase 1, the initial installation, the crane would be freestanding, with just under 197’ of tower, and a similar jib length.
In Phase 1A, marking the end of the freestanding operation, a climbing frame was installed in the core before level 14 was poured, and the building was then erected up to the 15th floor.
The concrete contractor’s desire for a spacious working platform had left a gap of only inches around the tower’s perimeter and the core walls. That left the riggers no chance to assemble or drop in the tower from above. Instead, the beams were pulled into the bottom of the core through a doorway, assembled at ground level, and then maneuvered into position by crane or air tuggers.
As the project progressed to Phase 2, crane configuration underwent a major change. The jib on the MR 415 was shortened to 131’, while a second tower section was added, taking the length of the tower to 246’, as the building was erected to the 22nd floor.
During the next stage, the MR 415 was disconnected at the second tower section and raised 90’ from ground level up to level 11, where the first tie had been placed, and the climbing mechanism attached. Once the building reached the 29th floor, the first diving board (support frame) was added at the 25th floor, leaving the crane ready to jump once more.
The crane climbed another 90’ during each of the next two stages, with a second diving board added at level 32 during Phase 4 and a third board seven floors later during Phase 5.
By that time, the structure had reached level 42. For the final push, Phase 6, one last climb of 88’ would be enough to enable topping off in July 2021, with the crane supported by the diving boards on levels 32 and 39.
“One of the unique things about this project is that it has a four-cell system from ground level up to level 25, and then one of the cells ‘disappears’ and it turns into a three-cell core,” Amadon explained. “So, initially we were working internally surrounded by a concrete cell up to level 25, but then we had to come out of that and switch from a four-sided support system to using a diving board system on the outside of the core.”
More Options with Potain
These smaller, lighter cranes provided further benefits to a project that might once have relied on larger, more costly models.
“By reducing the loads that are imposed, they give you the flexibility to come up with a different type of support system that’s not as cumbersome as would be needed to support a larger tower crane,” Amadon explained. “You can get great results working with an MR 608 (35.2-USt maximum capacity) from the perimeter, but if you put a 26.5-U.S.-ton capacity MR 418 into the core of a building with a shorter boom, you can pretty much get the same benefit.”
Disassembly of the cranes was straightforward. A derrick crane placed on the rooftop removed the MR 415 in November 2021.
The 418 A continued placing glass for the tower and was removed later in almost an exact reversal of its installation, according to Amadon.
With both tower cranes removed, 16 floors totaling 1 million sq. ft. of office space are now available for lease and will be ready for occupancy in 2023.
The One Congress project is a partnership between Carr Properties, National Real Estate Advisors, and The HYM Investment Group.
Watch a video about the project here.